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Markus Christen's Homepage


Markus Christen is currently working as research associate at the university research priority program ethics of the university Zurich (here you will find an updated CV and publication list. He was working as research assistant in the Stoop group at the Institute of Neuroinformatics.


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Research

Problems that interest me

Developing tools for brain data analysis The scientific part of my PhD involved the development of tools for spike train analysis based on nonlinear dynamics and information theory. I'm especially interested in nonparametric tools, i.e. that don't require much prior information. We developed such tools based on the correlation integral (PRE, 2004) and the Lempel-Ziv-complexity (J Neurosci Meth, 2006).

Understanding the history of the information processing brain Generally, neuroscientists consider the brain to be an information-processing device, that performs a certain kind of a computation, uses 'codes' and is subject to 'noise'. How did this information vocabulary enter neuroscience? What are the roots of the brain-computer metaphor? These and related questions were topics of the historical part of my PhD. Essays on this point are in preparation.

The ethics of neuroscience...: What impact will new developments within neuroscience have for society? Such questions are discussed in the new and emerging field of neuroethics. I have written on such questions im particular for general media. Personally, I consider the development of neuromorphic autonomous systems as an important and often not yet acknowledged aspect that may have impact on society relevant for neuroethics (Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft und Ethik, 2004).

... and the neuroscience of ethics: The progress in neuroscience, especially in imaging, motivates the research program to find a 'biological basis' for complex human behavior like moral behavior. This tendency to develop a 'neuroscience of ethics' might be problematic in many respects, as I have written in a pilot study for the project "Grundlagen moralischer Orientierungen" of the Ethik-Zentrum of the University Zurich. A research proposal on this subject is currently on its way.

Understanding social systems: The structure of social systems like universities and administrations can have a tremendous impact on the way individuals work within these institutions (probably everybody has stories to tell about this...). We apply methods of complex systems research (nonlinear models, network analysis) on such social systems in order to gain a better understanding of these systems.

A theory of autonomy: Since the days of Immanuel Kant the concept of autonomy has become a central term for modern society. We have thought about basic concepts of system autonomy (Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 2004), but for intentional systems like humans the situation will become probably much more complex. Developing a theory of autonomy that includes the various levels of dependencies humans are involved in would be a great thing to do.


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PhD

Title: The role of spike patterns in neural information processing. A historically embedded conceptual clarification

Summary: Today, understanding the brain as a 'information processing device' is a commonplace. Although this expression is widely used within and outside of neuroscience, it does not really express a precise understanding of the neuronal processes. However, it is clear that the 'information processing brain' does no longer express a close relationship between classical (digital) computers and the brain. Rather, a clear distinction between these two modes of information processing is postulated. Nevertheless, the concept of information in neuroscience, as well as the related concepts of neural coding and neural computation, are still a topic of intensive research within neuroscience. This also requires some clarification on the conceptual level. This PhD thesis intends to contribute to this clarification by defining the term 'spike pattern' and by evaluating the application of this concept within the framework of neural coding and neural computation.

This thesis unifies a scientific analysis - including a conceptual clarification, the formulation of a hypothesis and data analysis - with a historical investigation. The latter intends to analyze the historical roots of today's discussion on neural coding and neural computation. The focus of the historical analysis lies in the period of the 1940s to 1960s - the decades in which a scientific conceptualization of information in relation to the emerging information theory and cybernetics is observed. This led to the formation of a 'information vocabulary', whose central terms are 'code', 'computation' and 'noise'. Furthermore, in the historical part, those development within the history of neuroscience before this period that formed the preconditions for the application of this vocabulary will be sketched. Important examples are the construction of measurement devices that allowed the reliable recording of neuronal firing, and the discussion about 'messages' in neuronal data. Then we show, using a detailed scheme of analysis, which specific developments led to the formation of the notion of a 'information processing brain'. This investigation is accompanied by several bibliometric and scientometric studies, which lead to the identification of important conferences and protagonists during this period.

The scientific part also includes a review of some current theories of neural coding and neural information processing. This will be followed by a sharpening of the concept of 'spike pattern', referring to its current use in the neuroscience literature. We show that this concept always involves a clear statistical hypothesis of a 'non-pattern', we provide a overview of the common randomization methods for spike data and we discuss the role of neuronal noise. Then we present a hypothesis, developed by Ruedi Stoop and co-workers (Stoop-hypothesis), in which the discussed concept - notably spike patterns and noise - can be put in a common context. The Stoop-hypothesis is based on the finding that cortical neurons under quasi-stationary conditions can be described as limit cycles. They are driven by the numerous incoming synaptic impulses (background-activity, often understood as one aspect of neuronal noise) which result, assuming a Gaussian central limit behavior, in a almost constant current. The coupling of limit cycles leads to the generic phenomenon of locking. In this way a coding scheme emerges such that the background-activity that is imposed on two coupled neurons reflecting specific sensory information, is encoded in a specific firing pattern. Based on this hypotheses, five predictions are derived: First, we expect that only a minority of neurons display a Poisson firing statistics. Second, we expect a different reliability of timing and pattern for neurons measured along the neuronal information processing pathway. Third, in multi-array recordings, we expect groups of neurons that show a similar firing behavior. Fourth, we expect to reproduce earlier findings of three classes of neuronal firing (uncorrelated firing, unstable and stable pattern firing) in our extended data set. Fifth, we expect that firing patterns that may reflect neuronal computation are more stable (in a precise sense defined by us) than patterns that reflect aspects of stimuli that are probably of no interest for the organism.

A central part of this work consists in providing a discussion of the pattern detection problem. We give an overview of current histogram and template based methods for pattern detection and discuss the difficulties that arise when these methods are applied. Then we provide several novel methods for pattern detection based on the correlation integral, the sequential superparamagnetic clustering algorithm, and the Lempel-Ziv-complexity. Possibilities and limitations of these methods are outlined in detail and integrated in a general scheme of the spike pattern detection problem.

In the empirical part, we demonstrate the application of the developed methods. We were furthermore able to verify our predictions although the data available was not optimal for us. These indicators support the Stoop-hypothesis. However, a detailed experimental test of the hypothesis was not possible due to external reasons. Therefore, we also discuss further experimental steps that may serve for testing the hypothesis. In total, this thesis can also be understood as an introduction into the problem of neuronal information processing. Therefore, care has been used on the structure and layout of this thesis, so that it can serve as a help and a reference book for the interested reader.

If you want a copy of my PhD-Thesis (2.8 MB), write an email to: markus"at"ini.phys.ethz.ch.<\p>


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Publications

You can download publications from the Stoop group website.

In preparation

Essay: Markus Christen: Blinde Flecken in der Neuroethik - eine Bestandesaufnahme. Erscheint in der Publikation zum Symposium 'Hirnforschung und Menschenbild', Fribourg 12. bis 14. Oktober 2006.

Essay: Christen M: Autonomie und moral agency aus Sicht der Neurowissenschaft. Versuch einer Klarstellung. Erscheint im Rahmen der Publikationsreihe des Forschungsprojektes "Grundlagen moralischer Orientierung" des Ethik-Zentrums der Universität Zürich (Alber Verlag, forthcoming).

Peer-reviewed journal: Markus Christen, Thomas Ott, and Ruedi Stoop: The LZ-distance satisfies the metric axioms, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems B, submitted.

Peer-reviewed journal: Ruedi Stoop, Markus Christen, and Andrei Nikitchenko: An upper bound on the number of correlation-dimensional log-log-steps generated from embedded periodic patterns, Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems B, submitted.

Proceedings: Markus Christen, Georges Bongard, Attila Pausits, Norbert Stoop, and Ruedi Stoop: Managing autonomy and control in social systems. In> Helbing D. Managing Complexity, Springer, Berlin, forthcoming.

Published or in press

2006

Peer-reviewed journal: Markus Christen: Publication patterns in neuroscience at the edge of the cognitive revolution. Journal of the History of the Neuroscviences, accepted

Book: Markus Christen: Hirn-Gespinste. Gespräche und Klärungen; Reihe "Utopie Mensch" des Zürcher Instituts Dialog Ethik, Verlag Die Brotsuppe, in press.

Article: Markus Christen: Ist das Gehirn "Macher des Geistes"? Basler Zeitung, 27.10.2006.

Proceedings: Markus Christen, Georges Bongard, Attila Pausits, and Ruedi Stoop: From small world to hierarchic business information networks by reorganizations a real world study of a failure. Proceedings of the Workshop "Potentials of Complexity Science for Business, Government and the Media. Budapest: 202-211.

Peer-reviewed journal: Markus Christen, Alister Nicols, Keith Kendrick, Thomas Ott, and Ruedi Stoop: Odour encoding in olfactory systems beyond synchronization. NeuroReport 17(14): 1499-1502

Article: Markus Christen, Michael Hagner: Als das Gehirn zum Computer wurde - und umgekehrt. Historische Wurzeln der technisch orientierten Hirnforschung. Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 31.05.2006.

Article: Markus Christen: Macht das Gehirn schuldig? Was Gehirnforschung zu freiem Willen und Schuldfähigkeit herausfindet. Basler Zeitung, 26.05.2006.

Proceedings: Thomas Ott, Markus Christen, Ruedi Stoop: An unbiased clustering algorithm based on self-organization processes in spiking networks. Proc. NDES 2006: 143-146

Article: Markus Christen: Das gläserne Gehirn. NZZ am Sonntag, 07.05.2006.

Book chapter Markus Christen: Naturalisierung von Autonomie. In: Marcel Senn, Daniel Puskas: Gehirnforschung und rechtliche Verantwortung. ARSP-Beiheft 111: 141-145 (in press).

Book chapter Markus Christen: Abklärung des möglichen Beitrags der Neurowissenschaft und der Verhaltensforschung zum Verständnis moralischer Orientierung. Pilotstudie im Rahmen des Forschungsprojektes "Grundlagen moralischer Orientierung" des Ethik-Zentrums der Universität Zürich, Alber Verlag, in press.

Peer-reviewed journal: Markus Christen: "Biofakt" als Ordnungsschema im Grenzland zwischen Natur und Technik: kritische Anmerkungen und Anregungen. Kritik zu Nicole C. Karafyllis: Biofakte - Grundlagen, Probleme, Perspektiven. Erwägen, Wissen, Ethik 17(4), in press.

Peer-reviewed journal: Markus Christen, Adam Kohn, Thomas Ott and Ruedi Stoop: Measuring spike pattern reliability using the Lempel-Ziv-distance. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 156(1-2(: 342-350.

PhD thesis: Markus Christen: The role of spike patterns in neuronal information processing. A historically embedded conceptual clarification ETH-Diss No. 16464.

2005

Article: Markus Christen: Hoffen auf das künstliche Auge. Retina-Chips auf dem Weg zur medizinischen Anwendung. Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 20.04.2005.

Peer-reviewed journal: Markus Christen, Thomas Ott, Albert Kern, Norbert Stoop, Ruedi Stoop: Periodic economic cycles: the effect of evolution and control. Journal of Statistical Mechanics: theory and experiment, P 11013, 2005.

Proceedings: Markus Christen, Thomas Ott, Albert Kern, Norbert Stoop, Ruedi Stoop: Periodic economic cycles: The effect of evolution towards criticality, and control. Proc. IEEE Conference on Nonlinear Dynamics and its Applications NOLTA 2005.

Book chapter: Markus Christen: Der Einbau von Technik in das Gehirn. Das Wechselspiel von Informationsbegriffen und Technologieentwicklung am Beispiel des Hörens. In: Barbara Orland (Hrsg.). Interferenzen. Studien zur Kulturgeschichte der Technik, Band 9. Chronos Verlag, Zürich, 2005: 197-218.

2004

Book editor: Ruth Baumann-Hözle, Corinna Müri, Markus Christen, Boris Böli (Hrsg.): Leben um jeden Preis? Entscheidungsfindung in der Intensivmedizin. Peter Lang Verlag, Bern.

Proceedings: Markus Christen, Thomas Ott, and Ruedi Stoop
. Spike train clustering using a Lempel-Ziv distance measure. In: Proceedings of the 2004 NOLTA conference, Fukuoka, Japan: 379-382.

Proceedings: Ruedi Stoop, Jonas Buchli, and Markus Christen: Phase and Frequency Locking in Detailed Neuron Models. In: Proceedings of the 2004 NOLTA conference, Fukuoka, Japan: 43-46.

Proceedings: Ruedi Stoop, Jan-Jan van der Vyver, Markus Christen, and Albert Kern: Where Noise and Precision Join: Coding of Neural Information Via Limit Cycles. In: Proceedings of the 2004 NOLTA conference, Fukuoka, Japan: 375-378.

Peer-reviewed journal:. Markus Christen, Albert Kern, Andrei Nikitchenko, Willi-Hans Steeb, and Ruedi Stoop: Fast Spike Pattern Detection Using the Correlation Integral. Physical Review E, 70, 2004: 011901-1-7.

Peer-reviewed journal: Markus Christen: Schuldige Maschinen? Autonome Systeme als Herausforderung fr das Konzept der Verantwortung. Jahrbuch fr Wissenschaft und Ethik, 9, 2004: 163-191.

Proceedings: Markus Christen, Albert Kern, Jan-Jan van der Vyver and Ruedi Stoop: Pattern detection in noisy signals. In: Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE International Symposium of Circuits and Systems 4: 669-672.

Peer-reviewed journal: Jan-Jan van der Vyver, Markus Christen, Norbert Stoop, Thomas Ott, Willi-Hans Steeb, Ruedi Stoop: Towards genuine machine autonomy. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 64(3), 2004: 151-157.

Article: Markus Christen: Die nichtlineare Physik des Hörens. Fortschritte in der Modellierung der menschlichen Cochlea. Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 14.01.2004.

2003

Proceedings: Markus Christen, Albert Kern and Ruedi Stoop: A correlation integral based method for pattern recognition in series of interspike intervals. In: Ruedi Stoop (Ed.). Proceedings of the 11. workshop on Nonlinear Dynamics of Electronic Systems, Studenten-Druckerei, Zurich, ISBN 3-03708-004-3, 2003: 49-52.

Proceedings: Ruedi Stoop, Markus Christen, Jan-Jan van der Vyver, Albert Kern and Clemens Wagner. Properties of the Control of Noisy, Stable and Chaotic Dynamics. In: Ruedi Stoop (Ed.). Proceedings of the 11. workshop on Nonlinear Dynamics of Electronic Systems, Studenten-Druckerei, Zurich, ISBN 3-03708-004-3, 2003: 259-262.

Book chapter: Markus Christen, Ruedi Stoop: Verwaltung als komplex-adaptives System. Anmerkungen aus Sicht der Komplexitätsforschung. In: Daniel Brühlmeier, Stephan Kux, Rainer Schweizer (Hrsg.). Verwaltung im 21. Jahrhundert. Akademieverlag, Freiburg, 2003.

Essay: Markus Christen: Die Ontologie künstlicher Körper. Studia Philosophica 63, 2003: 65-82.

Peer-reviewed journal: Ruedi Stoop, Daniel A. Blank, Jan-Jan van der Vyver, Markus Christen, Albert Kern: Synchronization, Chaos and Spike Patterns in Neocortical Computation. Journal of Electrical & Electronic Engineering 3(1), 2003: 693-698.

Article: Markus Christen: Depression. Das Herz in der hölzernen Schachtel. Thema im Fokus, Institut Dialog Ethik 46 Dezember/2003

Article: Markus Christen: Ein Weg für Forschung an Schnittstellen. Das interdisziplinäre Doktorat an der ETH Zürich. NZZ, 4. November 2003

Article: Markus Christen: Hirnchips. Technik im Gehirn. Thema im Fokus. Institut Dialog Ethik 42, August/2003

Article: Markus Christen: Informationstechnologie als philosophische Herausforderung. Agora. Das Philosophiemagazin 6/2003

Article: Markus Christen: Rechnen mit organischen Molekülen. Von der Zukunftsvision zur Praxis. Bioworld 3/2003

Article: Markus Christen: Komplexitätsforschung. Ein Netz komplexer Beziehungen. Basler Zeitung, 14. Maerz 2003

Article: Markus Christen: Welche philosophischen Probleme stellt die Robotik? Agora. Das Philosophiemagazin 1/2003

2002

Proceedings: Markus Christen, Laura Rebecca Franklin: The Concept of Emergence in Complexity Science: Finding Coherence between Theory and Practice. Proceedings of the Complex Systems Summer School 2002.

Essay: Markus Christen, Ruedi Stoop: Auf der Suche nach dem Bit im Gehirn. Geschichte und Zukunft des neuralen Codes. Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 30.04.2002

Article: Markus Christen: "Build it, and you understand it." Interview with John Hopfield. Bioworld 2/2002: 6-9.

Peer-reviewed journal: Ruedi Stoop, Daniel Blank, Albert Kern, Jan-Jan v.d. Vyver, Markus Christen, Stefano Lecchini, Clemens Wagner: Collective bursting in layer IV. Synchronization by small thalamic inputs and recurrent connections. Cognitive Brain Research 13, 2002: 293-304.

2001

Essay: Alberto Bondolfi, Markus Christen: Folgenreiche Fortschritte in den Neurowissenschaften. Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 02.05.2001.

Article: Markus Christen: Neuroinformatik - der biologischen Informationsverarbeitung auf der Spur. SATW Bulletin 3/2001: 5-11.

Essay: Markus Christen: Hirnforschung als Inspiration für Technik: ethische Fragen an der Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstelle. Beitrag zum Kurzlexikon "Hirnforschung" des Zürcher Instituts "Dialog Ethik" vom März 2001. Reprinted in: Schweizer Apothekerzeitung 14/2001: 473-474.

2000

Article: Markus Christen: Psychologie auf Neurowissenschaft zurückführen. Ein Gespräch mit Patricia Churchland. Information Philosophie 5 2000: 112-115.

Article: Ruedi Stoop and Markus Christen: Auf dem Weg zum Neurocomputer. Bioworld 4/2000: 17-19.

Article: Markus Christen: Wenn Bewusstsein technisch verfügbar wird. Schweizer Apothekerzeitung 15, 2000: 503-504.


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Conferences & Talks:

2006

Ringvorlesung "Einblicke in die Seele und ihre Aktivitäten" (08. November 2006), Zürich Markus Christen: Gehirn ohne Seele. Hirnforschung und das Geistige (talk).

Potentials of Complexity Science for Business, Governments, and the Media 2006 (03.-05. August 2006), Budapest, Hungary Markus Christen, Georges Bongard, Attila Pausits, and Ruedi Stoop: From small world to hierarchic business information networks by reorganizations a real world study of a failure (talk).

AIMS 2006. Sixth International Conference on Dynamical Systems, Differential Equations and Applications (25.-28. June 2006), Poitiers, France. Markus Christen, Thomas Ott, and Ruedi Stoop: Computation in olfactory systems beyond synchronization (talk).

Forschungskolloquium Grundlage moralischer Orientierung (16.-17. June 2006), Zürich, Switzerland Markus Christen: Autonomie und moral agency aus Sicht der Neurowissenschaft. Versucht einer Klärung (talk).

Symposium der Schweizerischen Philosophischen Gesellschaft: Was ist Philosophie? (19.-20. May 2006) Neuenburg, Switzerland. Markus Christen: Autonomie - eine Aufgabe für die Philosophie (talk).

2005

From Quanta to Life: Honoring the contributions by Willi-Hans Steeb to the world of mathematics and physics (18.-22.12.2005), Klosters, Schweiz. Markus Christen: Lempel-Ziv in neuronal systems (Talk).

Forschungskolloquium "Grundlagen moralischer Orientierung" (09.-10.12. 2005) Zurich: Abklärung des möglichen Beitrags der Neurowissenschaft und der Verhaltensforschung zum Verständnis moralischer Orientierung.

Veranstaltungsreihe "Kosmos Gehirn" der St.Gallischen naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft (09.11.2005), St. Gallen, Schweiz. Markus Christen: Das Gehirn als Vorbild und Objekt fr Technologie - historische Wurzeln und kommende Szenarien (Talk).

ZNZ-symposium (21.10.2005), Zurich. Markus Christen, Alister Nicol, Keith Kendrick, Thomas Ott, and Ruedi Stoop Odors lead to stable neuron relations beyond synchronization (Poster).

Rhenaphotonics Bio-Opto 2005 conference (28.09.2005) Paris, France. Markus Christen: What is neuroinformatics - and how can it be useful for biophotonics (Talk).

NDES 2005. Nonlinear Dynamics in Electronic Systems (18.-22.09.2005), Potsdam, Germany. Markus Christen, Adam Kohn, Albert Kern and Ruedi Stoop: Neuronal long-tails revisited (Poster).

Departementskolloquium Max-Planck-Institut fr Wissenschaftsgeschichte Berlin (08.02.2005). Markus Christen: Spike patterns als Tr´┐Żer neuronaler Information - Ursprung und Ausbreitung des "temporal coding" in der Hirnforschung (Talk).

2004

NOLTA 2004. International Symposium on Nonlinear Theory and Application (29.11.-03.12.2004), Fukuoka, Japan. Markus Christen, Thomas Ott, and Ruedi Stoop: Spike train clustering using a Lempel-Ziv distance measure (talk).

ZNZ-Symposium (15.10.2004), Zurich. Markus Christen, Thomas Ott, and Ruedi Stoop: Spike train clustering using a Lempel-Ziv distance measure (Poster).

ISCAS 2004. IEEE International Society of Circuits and Systems (23.-26.05.2004), Vancouver, Canada. Markus Christen, Albert Kern, Jan-Jan van der Vyver and Ruedi Stoop: Pattern detection in noisy signals (Talk).

2003

ZNZ-symposium (17.10.2003), Zurich Markus Christen, Albert Kern, Thomas Ott, Ruedi Stoop: Recognizing and classifying temporal patterns in neuronal spike trains (Poster). Jan-Jan van der Vyver, Markus Christen, Ruedi Stoop: Communicating with autonomous systems using fractal patterns (Poster).

Tagung: Artifizielle Körper - lebendige Technik. Zur Geschichte der Biomedizin und Biotechnologie (20.-22.06.2003), Zurich. Markus Christen: Der Einbau von Technik in das Gehirn. Das Wechselspiel von Informationsbegriffen und Technologieentwicklung am Beispiel des Hörens (Talk).

NDES 2003. Nonlinear Dynamics in electronic systems (19.-21.05.2003), Scuol, Switzerland. Member of organizing team.

Complexity 2003. Complex Behavior in Economics (07.-11.05.2003), Aix-en-Provence, France. Markus Christen, Ruedi Stoop: Limiting complexity and enabling autonomy in public administrations (Talk).

Conference: Ethics and the European Space (03.-09-04.2003), Les Treilles, France. Markus Christen: How neuroscience impacts ethics (Talk)

2002

ZNZ-symposium (18.10.2002), Zurich. Markus Christen, Albert Kern, Jan-Jan van der Vyver, Ruedi Stoop: Correlation integral pattern recognition for neural spike trains (Poster). Jan-Jan van der Vyver, Markus Christen, Ruedi Stoop: Communicating with autonomous systems using fractal patterns (Poster).

Symposium der Schweizerischen Philosophischen Gesellschaft: Der Körper in der Philosophie (31.05.-01.06.2002), Fribourg.. Markus Christen: Die Ontologie künstlicher Körper (Talk)

2001

ZNZ-symposium (19.10.2001), Zurich. Markus Christen, Albert Kern, Ruedi Stoop: BDS-test as a benchmark for noise-cleaning (Poster). Ruedi Stoop, Stefano Lecchini, Markus Christen, Jan-Jan van der Vyver: An integral, thermodynamic-formalism based measure of dynamical complexity (Poster).

PhD-retreat of the Center of Neuroscience Zurich (03.-05.05.2001), Valens. Markus Christen, Ruedi Stoop: The concept of complexity in neuroscience (Poster)


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Education

Federal Institute of Technology Zurich: Department of Physics / Department Geistes-, Sozial- und Staatswissenschaften. Degree: Dr. sc. ETH (2006).

University of Berne: Faculty of Science, Institute of theoretical Physics. Degree: Master of Science (1996). Main Subject: Philosophy of Science. Subsidiary Subjects:Physics, Mathematics, Biology. Thesis: Doubts at the Edge of Chaos. Philosophical Problems of the Theory of Complexity (Zweifel am Rande des Chaos. Wissenschaftstheoretische Probleme der Komplexitätsforschung.)

Continuing Education


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Professional Skills

Registered Journalist (CH-BR) since 1993, specialized in Science / Philosophy. Since 2000 working as freelancer. Special magazines editor (1998-2001) for "usic news" and "usic consultants" (consulting engineering), "Dosis" (health politics) and "Kunst+Stein" (until 2004).

Project Management: Conception and realization of public relations projects (internet, professional education, election campaign) as project manager at Markus Kamber & Partner AG, Bern (1998-2001).

Self-employed: Conception and realization of projects, seminars, public discussions and similar events (ethics, science, education, politics) as co-founder of the philosophical Atelier Pantaris, Biel (since 1998). Founding-member of the national "Bieler philosophy days" (Bieler Philosophietage). Mandates for the Swiss National Advisory Commission on Biomedical Ethics (NEK-CNE), the institute Dialog Ethik, and other institutions.


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Links

Check out how my father fights missmanagement in the SBB (swiss railways).


Links to journals

When I find time, the list will be updated for philosophical/historical journals.

Computation & neural networks

ACM transactions on computer-human interaction - Association for Computing Machinery (ETHZ)

IEEE transactions on evolutionary computation - IEEE (ETHZ)

IEEE transactions on neural networks - IEEE (ETHZ)

International journal of human-computer interaction - Lawrence (ETHZ)

Journal of Computational Neuroscience - Kluver (access via library INI)

Network - Computation in Neural Systems - Institute of Physics (UNIZH)

Neural Computation - MIT Press (access via library INI)

Neural Networks - Elsevier (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Neurocomputing - Elsevier Science (ETHZ/UNIZH)


Mathematics & physics & statistics

Computational statistics & data analysis - North-Holland (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Europhysics letters - EDP Sciences (ETHZ)

IEEE transactions on information theory - IEEE (ETHZ)

International journal of modern physics C, Physics and computers - World Scientific Publishing Co. (ETHZ)

Journal of statistical Physics - Kluver (UNIZH)

Journal of time series analysis - Blackwell (ETHZ)

Physica D, Nonlinear phenomena - North-Holland (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Physical review E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics - American Institute of Physics (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Physical review letters - American Physical Society (ETHZ/UNIZH)


Nonlinear & complexity science

Artificial life - The MIT Press (ETHZ)

Chaos - AIP (ETHZ)

Chaos, solitons & fractals - Pergamon (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Complexity - Wiley (free)

Dynamical systems - Taylor & Francis (ETHZ)

Ergodic theory and dynamical systems - Cambridge University Press (ETHZ)

International journal of bifurcation and chaos in applied sciences and engineering - World Scientific (ETHZ)

Journal of complexity - Academic Press (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Journal of nonlinear science - Springer (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Nonlinearity - Institute of Physics (ETHZ/UNIZH)



Mathematical & theoretical biology

Biological cybernetics - Springer (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Bulletin of mathematical biology - Academic Press (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Journal of mathematical biology - Springer (ETHZ)

Journal of theoretical biology - Academic Press (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Mathematical Biosciences - Elsevier (ETHZ/UNIZH)



Neuroscience

The behavioral and brain sciences - Cambridge University Press (ETHZ)

Brain - Oxford university press (UNIZH)

Brain and cognition - Academic Press (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Brain research - Elsevier (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Cognitive brain research - Elsevier (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Cerebral Cortex - Oxford University Press (ETHZ/UNIZH)

The European journal of neuroscience - Blackwell Science (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Journal of cognitive neuroscience - MIT Press (ETHZ)

The Journal of neuroscience - Society for Neuroscience (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Journal of neuroscience methods - Elsevier (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Journal of neuroscience research - Wiley-Liss (ETHZ/UNIZH)

The journal of physiology - Cambridge University Press (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Nature neuroscience - Nature America (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Neuron - Cell Press (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Neuroscience - Pergamon (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Neuroscience research - Elsevier (ETHZ/UNIZH)


Interdisciplinary science journals

Annual review of neuroscience - Annual Reviews (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Brain research reviews - Elsevier (ETHZ)

Brain research bulletin - Elsevier (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Current opinion in neurobiology - Elsevier (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Nature - Nature Publishing Group (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Nature reviews. Neuroscience - Nature (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Neuroscience letters - Elsevier-North Holland (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - National Academy of Sciences (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Progress in neurobiology - Pergamon (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Science - American Association for the Advancement of Science (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Trends in cognitive sciences - Elsevier Science (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Trends in neurosciences - Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press (ETHZ/UNIZH)

Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C - VZN (access via library Irchel)